Planning your first long-distance thru-hike can be a daunting task. When I was preparing for my 22-day hike on the John Muir Trail, I was ready to pull my hair out. Between itineraries, permits, food, and gear, it was hard to know where to start! What I really needed was a simple John Muir Trail planning guide that mapped out my tasks.
I now know that with a little bit of organization, planning a long-distance thru-hike trip like the John Muir Trail doesn’t have to be so daunting. So stop fretting and get your ducks in a row with my 9-step guide for planning that big backpacking adventure on the John Muir Trail.
Start planning your epic John Muir Trail thru-hike with this 9-step John Muir Trail planning guide complete with gear recommendations, itinerary ideas, resupply tips, and more!
And as it goes in all of the destinations we share, please practice good trail etiquette and remember to Leave No Trace. This means packing out all of your garbage, being respectful to others on busy trails, and following the established rules.
A Simple 9-Step Guide to Planning Your John Muir Trail Thru-Hike
Step 1: Decide if you will go solo or with a friend
When you are John Muir Trail planning, the first thing you need to decide is who you are going to hike it with, if anyone.
I hiked the John Muir Trail with one of my closest friends from college, and I’m so grateful we got to experience the trail together. Hiking it with a friend, family member, or significant other isn’t without its challenges, though.
Throughout the course of your hike, you will have very little personal space. You will probably share a tent, see each other naked, and have to deal with each other’s smelly clothes.
The hardships on the trail can also bring out personality differences, and you want to make sure you can work through those. That said, if you pick the right companion, you will form a lasting bond and have those shared memories to reminisce over when you are old and gray!
If you choose to hike solo, it can be scary at first, but there is a flip side to the coin. Hiking by yourself simplifies your planning since you don’t have to depend on someone else’s ability to get the time off work and you really get to hike your own hike. You also don’t have to worry about when the other person is hungry or tired and you can break when and where you want.
More often than not, solo trekking leads to a whole new kind of self-discovery. Chances are you’ll also make some new friends out there…we certainly did!
Step 2: Pick your dates and your starting John Muir Trail trailhead
The John Muir Trail runs from Yosemite Valley to the Whitney portal. Most people start in Yosemite and go south. This direction gives you more time to adjust to the increasing altitude and allows you to work up your endurance as the terrain gets more challenging.
The classic JMT route begins at the Happy Isles Trailhead in Yosemite Valley, but there are three other trailheads in the park that also meet up with the JMT. Mid-June to mid-September is prime time on the trail. I departed on August 27th and had near-perfect weather. It was a pretty dry year, but we were still able to find water, and later in the season meant all of the bugs had died off.
Step 3: Apply for a John Muir Trail permit
The most important step in your John Muir Trail planning is to secure a permit!
The permit process for the John Muir Trail out of Yosemite is competitive, but luckily the process has gotten better over the years. Permits are secured through an online lottery system, and you need to apply exactly 168 days before your start date (most people start applying in January). If you miss the deadline, you will most likely out of luck unless you get one on a cancellation. Also in most years, some permits are reserved for walk-ups, but that process is different in 2021 due to COVID.
Check out this extensive post for more information on the permit process.
Step 4: Get your John Muir Trail Gear
Now for the fun part! The gear. Your basic backpacking gear should be fine, but if you have yet to build your backpacking gear kit or are in the market for some new stuff, here is a complete list of every item I took on the trail. The key is to pack as light as possible while still having what you need to be comfortable. That means having a solid tent, warm clothing for those cold Sierra nights, rain gear, necessary first aid supplies, an efficient stove, and the other backpacking essentials.
Limit your shirts, socks, and undies to 2-3 pairs, and leave the makeup and (dare I say) deodorant at home. It’s also a good idea to test everything out before you hit the trail. The last thing you want is to find out that your pack rubs in a weird spot or your water filter is broken after you are already out on the trail.
Check out my complete John Muir Trail Gear List!
Step 5: Start Training
The first few days are going to be tough no matter what, especially if you aren’t used to the altitude. As you huff and puff your way up the mountain on day 1, just remember that your legs are getting stronger by the hour and before you know it you will be crushing those miles. That said, the better shape you are in before you start, the more fun you are going to have. Squats, lunges, core work, walking uphill, and cardio training are great ways to prepare. Just find something you love and do a lot of it.
Need some training tips? Check out former Community Manager Kim’s guide to training for a thru-hike.
Step 6: Map out a loose itinerary
There are several map packs and trail guide books available for the John Muir Trail. I brought the Wenk book and the Tom Harrison Maps, both of which I recommend. Make note of any particularly awesome spots on the trail that you definitely want to camp at or any side hikes you might want to do. Then get a general idea of your desired pace and the total number of days it’s going to take you to get to each resupply point.
What you don’t need to do is pre-determine your campsites every single night because once you are out there, your plan will inevitably change. Some days you won’t cover as much distance as you expect. For instance, you might come across the most tantalizing lake and decide to take a long afternoon swimming and sunbathing break. Other days, you’ll be cruising and bypass your planned destination way earlier than you imagined.
By building some flexibility into your overall plan it ensures that your hike remains enjoyable while keeping you on track.
Check out my 10 favorite campsites on the John Muir Trail!
Step 7: Go food shopping and ship your resupply packages
Trying to figure out how much food you need each day for 3 weeks is the most difficult part of planning your John Muir Trail hike. If you are hiking in a group with more than 2 people, I recommend everyone be responsible for themselves since it makes the portion planning much easier. Plus you can always trade or share when you get sick of your own food.
Unless you are a backcountry gourmet, make things simple by sticking to meals that don’t require a lot of preparation. Oatmeal, bars, jerky, dried fruit, nuts, dehydrated backpacker meals, ramen, couscous, and instant mashers are just a few suggestions that are lightweight, filling, and require very little cleanup.
Don’t forget you’ll need a bear canister too, and all your food for each section of the trail will need to fit in it. For more meal tips, check out my post Simple Backpacking Food Ideas.
For resupplies, there are several places along the John Muir Trail where you can mail yourself packages and most people resupply 2-3 times. To help you determine your resupply strategy, I’ve written a comprehensive post on John Muir Trail resupply. The most important thing to remember is to not leave this until the last minute! Most of the resupply spots recommend sending your package three weeks ahead of your intended arrival.
Read my John Muir Trail Resupply Guide!
Step 8: Brush up on Leave No Trace principles
Being responsible stewards of the natural places we love is essential when enjoying your time outdoors. The John Muir Trail is well-known and loved for its pristine wilderness and untouched landscapes. It’s essential that you know how and why to pack out your used toilet paper, how to store your food, and how to choose a campsite, to name a few examples.
So in addition to our many guides on how to hike the John Muir Trail, we’ve created one more post on how to best preserve and protect it. Take the time to read up on Leave No Trace, and make sure your hiking partners have too!
Learn how to Leave No Trace on the John Muir Trail
Step 9: Pack your bags and go!
Now that all the hard work is done, you can breathe. The only last detail that you’ll need to figure out is your transportation. Either make arrangements to have someone drop you off and pick you up at the end, or take two cars and park one at each end of the trail.
I suggest spending one night at one of the established campgrounds in Yosemite the night before your hike. It will give you a chance to take a last-minute inventory of your gear, split up any group items, and maybe even take a nice sunset hike to get those lungs working.
Once you depart on your 212-mile journey, remember that it’s all about having a good time. Stay up late stargazing, snap tons of pictures, embrace every moment of the extraordinary scenery, and never pass up that perfect swimming hole.
Want to take public transportation to the JMT? Check out our Transportation Planning Guide!
We hope this 9-step John Muir Trail planning guide helps make your JMT preparation easy and fun!
What else do you want to know about the John Muir Trail? Do you have any additional John Muir Trail planning tips or advice? Let me know in the comments below!