Canyonlands National Park in southern Utah is a huge swath of land consisting of high desert vistas, an intricate maze of deep canyons, sheer red rock cliffs, and the mighty Colorado River. It has a real rugged feel to it compared to many of the other national parks, and much of its territory is only accessible by a 4WD vehicle, bike, or by hoofing it, including the stunning White Rim Trail.
The White Rim Trail is a 100-mile jeep road that travels through the park’s Island in the Sky district. A few years ago, my friends convinced me to join them on a four-day vehicle-supported mountain biking trip of the route. I had never been on a mountain bike before, but I knew this was an opportunity I couldn’t pass up. I was told the White Rim Trail had some steep uphill pushes but was not an overly technical trail. Plus if things got really rough, I could always hop in the truck, blast the tunes, and enjoy the scenery from the passenger seat.
So I went out and got myself a bike and some super sexy padded bike shorts and crossed my fingers that I would survive!
**Spoiler alert** I made it…and what a cool trip! Yes, there were times when my legs felt like cement, but the burn was totally worth it….plus with the support vehicle, you can camp in comfort and have some cold drinks and a nice meal to look forward to at the end of the day.
The White Rim Trail offers something for all levels. For the beginner, it’s a challenge. For the experts, it might be smooth sailing. But either way, the views, the camping, and the general camaraderie on the trail make it worth adding to your bucket list. And with fall in full force, it’s the perfect time to head to the southern Utah desert.
Here is how to plan your own mountain biking trip along the White Rim Trail in Canyonlands National Park.
About the White Rim Trail
The White Rim Trail is a 100-mile semi-loop that can be ridden in either direction. We rode the route west-to-east and started our trip at Mineral Bottom and ended at Shafer Hill. The advantage of starting at Mineral Bottom and riding counter-clockwise is that you get the long (and least scenic) section riding along Mineral Road out of the way at the very beginning and the scenery (in my opinion) got better every day. The disadvantage of counter-clockwise is that you have to ride (or walk) up Shafer at the very end…and believe me, it’s no fun. On the elevation profile, you’ll also see that counterclockwise appears to have some longer uphill sections than riding it clockwise.
White Rim Trail Map
In total, the White Rim Trail gains about 7,500 feet of elevation. Going counterclockwise, there are two major climbs – Murphy’s Hogback at the approximate halfway point and Shafer Hill on the last day. These two climbs are tough, and I ended up walking my bike up a majority of these sections….which is nothing to be ashamed of, by the way.
How many days does it take to bike the White Rim Trail?
Most people take 2-4 days to complete the White Rim Trail by bike. Some people might consider four days to be more of a booze-cruise sort of pace – and for most of my friends, I think it was. But as a beginner, 4 days seemed perfect. Most of the elevation gain is gradual, but 25 miles of dirt is still a lot of ground to cover.
Four days meant we had plenty of time to take breaks and explore our surroundings and still arrive at camp with a couple of hours of daylight. We also took our mornings slow, not getting on the trail until about 10 or 11 every day.
With that said, many people do it in much less time. in fact, some people do it unsupported in a single day, which would definitely be a slog. When planning your trip, you need to consider first and foremost how good of biking shape you are in and then what type of pace you want to keep.
Your White Rim Trail Support Vehicle
The White Rim Trail is a moderately rough, but decently maintained 4WD jeep road. There is no potable water anywhere along the trail, so unless you are a stellar biker who can confidently bike the entire 100 miles in a day, it is best to be accompanied by a 4WD support vehicle. That way, all of the food, camping gear, and extra water can be transported by the vehicle, and you don’t have to carry any gear on your bike.
For our group of 7, we had one Toyota Tacoma that we were able to cram all of our gear in. You’ll also need a very study bike rack that can hold two bikes. That way if someone gets tired, they can hop in the truck and keep the driver company. For more on what gear to pack, scroll to the bottom of this post.
A couple of things to keep in mind… the person driving the support vehicle should have some experience with 4WD roads, especially if it’s been raining and the road is slick, muddy, or rutted. Most of the road is pretty mellow, but there are a few tricky and steep parts where you’ll want someone experienced behind the wheel.
Secondly, make sure you stop in Moab and top off your tank of gas. You’ll want a full tank before starting the trail!
Best Time to Bike the White Rim Trail
The best time of year to mountain bike the White Rim Trail is fall and spring. Summer is unbearably hot and dry and there is ZERO shade. Sounds pretty miserable (and potentially dangerous) to me.
In late October, daytime biking temps were ideal – 70s, warm and sunny – and nights were chilly. The key thing to remember is the weather in the desert can change instantly so no matter when you go, you should be prepared for the elements.
White Rim Trail Permits and Camping
The White Rim Trail has a total of 20 designated camping sites that each accommodate up to three vehicles and 15 people. Each campsite has access to a pit toilet, which may or may not be shared with another nearby campsite. No water is available at the campsites. Reservations must be made using the advanced permit process on the Canyonlands National Park website. The fee for a permit which is good for 3 cars and 15 people is $36.
Permits become available four months in advance. To reserve a permit, start at this page. For the Activity, choose “Island In The Sky White Rim Road – 4WD/Mountain Bike” and enter your desired start date and group size. A list of available campsites and dates will pop up.
If a campsite is already occupied, it will say “0”, meaning it’s not available for that date. If there is a number – typically “15” – that means that the campsite is available and up to 15 people in one group can book that site. (If you have less than 15 people in your group, you still book the whole campsite. In other words, you won’t be sharing it with strangers).
You need to book each campsite you want at the same time or else you’ll need to pay for an additional permit.
Our White Rim Trail Itinerary
Day #1: Mineral Bottom Road to Potato Bottom (33 miles)
The White Rim Trail starts off on Mineral Bottom Road. The first 12 miles are a smooth gradual downhill, and it’s a good chance for the newbies to get comfortable on the bike before the terrain gets rougher. At mile 12 you reach a series of steep switchbacks down Horsethief Road that take you down into the canyon where you meet up with the Green River.
I don’t have many pictures from the first day since I was focused on my riding, but the trail is pretty much what you expect for an old jeep road. Rocky in places but overall there weren’t too many obstacles. The most challenging thing about the trail was every so often you run into some deep sand that could really throw off your momentum and balance. So you had to keep an eye out to make sure you didn’t hit one of these sand traps unexpectedly.
We arrived at our campsite at Potato Bottom right on the Green River earlier than I expected. The sites at Potato Bottom are the last campsites near the river. In October the water was definitely too cold to swim in, but it provided a nice backdrop for our afternoon hangout and bocce ball session.
Day #2: Potato Bottom to Murphy’s Hogback (22 miles)
Despite being significantly shorter than the first day, day 2 kicked my butt. It was all uphill with a pretty steep climb up to Murphy’s Hogback at the very end. If you are looking to take a shift in the support vehicle, this might be the day to volunteer.
Luckily we didn’t take our day too seriously. It was Halloween, so we donned our costumes and got into the spirit. Just call me disco bunny biker babe.
Around lunch time, we arrived at the entrance to Holman slot canyon which is shown on the map above. This is a great place to stop for lunch and explore. The slot canyon heads down towards the direction of the Green River and can be explored until you reach an unpassable obstacle.
When we were there, there were a few tricky spots where ropes had been installed, but they didn’t appear permanent. Remember that every drop-off you go down, you will have to come back up. So don’t get yourself into a situation where you can’t get back to the top.
Also, if there is a chance of rain, don’t head down into the slot canyon.
After lunch, my legs were feeling heavy and by the time we got to the hill at Murphy’s hogback, I knew there was no way I was going to make it. There was already a passenger in the support vehicle, which meant I was going to have to get up the hill one way or another. I pushed as long as I could but didn’t make it far before I got off and started walking. This is the view when you finally make it to the top.
I felt so happy when I learned that our campsite was no more than 100 yards away from this lookout, and I was even happier when we realized just how awesome our spot was.
Now it was time for the real fun. One of our friends decided to bring some pumpkins to carve, and we had a blast sipping on cocktails and carving away while watching the sunset.
Day #3: Muphy’s Hogback to Airport Campground (26 miles)
Day 3 was the most scenic and the easiest in my opinion.. Yet for some reason, I spent most of the day riding in the truck. I felt kinda lazy (and I was), but my legs needed a little recovery time after the previous day’s climb. My friend Beau and I cranked up the tunes, stopped and took a ton of pictures, and enjoyed the views as the canyon started to appear more intricate with lots of arches and mind-boggling rock formations.
Turns out riding in the SAG wagon is pretty dang fun!
We arrived at camp with plenty of time to soak in the scenery. We played a serious round of bocce and watched the clouds transform with storms forming in the distance. One of my friends also brought a professional kite which provided an hour or two of solid entertainment in the strong winds.
Day #4: Airport Campground to the top of Shafer Hill (19 miles)
On our final day on the White Rim Trail, we were back to the uphill. I can’t say I was looking forward to it, but I wanted to try and push myself so I was committed to getting to the top without the help of the truck. The day started out nice and one of the biggest highlights of the whole trip happened just after hopping on my bike. My friend Adam and I were riding along when we looked to the right and saw a bighorn sheep with giant horns galloping no more than 30 feet away from us on the very edge of the rim.
We continued cruising along, and he continued running next to us for about 5 minutes. I wish I could’ve snapped a picture, but I knew that if I stopped to get my camera out, he would’ve been gone. It was a magical moment that I will never forget, photo or not.
Shortly thereafter, we hit some rain, which is a reminder that the weather can turn very quickly in the desert.
Luckily the storm passed quickly and by the time we reached Shafer it was a comfortable temperature for our climb. Like I predicted I didn’t make it too far before I had to start walking, but my friend Beau stayed behind with me and kept me company.
At times the switchbacks seemed endless and when things finally flattened out at the top, we realized just how far we had come. Even though I walked quite a bit, I was still pretty proud of myself for keeping up as well as I did. I also felt much stronger and more confident by the end of the trip than I did when I started.
What to Pack For the White Rim Trail
The White Rim Trail is car camping at its best. You’ll want to bring a roomy tent, a plush sleeping pad, and a warm sleeping bag. In addition, there are a few additional gear considerations that will make your trip as comfortable as possible.
I’m definitely not an expert when it comes to mountain bikes, but I purchased an REI Brand women’s 29″ Madrona Hardtail for my first mountain bike. They don’t make that anymore, but Becky – our behind-the-scenes assistant – did a self-supported bikepacking trip on the White Rim Trail on a Santa Cruz Chamaleon hardtail and loved it.
- Shorts: Bring padded bike shorts. No joke. You may feel like you are wearing a diaper but that’s better than a bruised ass and serious chaffing. Unfortunately bike shorts can be pretty pricey. Check out our post on Where To Buy Discounted Outdoor Gear to find deals.
- Gloves: The trail can be rough on your hands and cause major calluses. Some people like wearing gloves, others don’t – but it’s worth bringing a pair just in case.
- Warm Clothes: Outside of summer, nights in Canyonlands can get very cold. Make sure you are prepared with a warm synthetic jacket, a rain coat, some long johns, a hat, and gloves – basically the same kind of clothes you would take on a backpacking trip. To see the clothes I bring on my outdoor adventures, check out this guide to what to wear hiking, and for cooler weather, see our guide to what to wear hiking in fall.
- A good cooler: To make sure your food doesn’t spoil, you need to make sure you have a solid cooler that can keep ice for the duration of your trip. We had a couple of Yeti Coolers on our trip, but I’ve since discovered RTIC which makes comparable coolers at a fraction of the price. Having a good cooler is worth it because it will keep ice longer, and nothing results in a trip gone awry more than your food gone bad.
- Camp Stove: Having a support vehicle means you can eat gourmet. This two burner Camp Chef camp stove is only $149.99 and is large enough to cook for the whole group. For pots and pans, I like to use a pre-seasoned Lodge cast iron. Not only are they super easy to clean, they also give the food some delicious flavor. I’d also recommend prepping and pre-cooking as much of your food at home as possible. Then package it using vacuum sealer and throw it in the freezer until you depart for your trip.
- Water jugs: Make sure you bring plenty of water. The National Park Service recommends at least one gallon per person per day and more if it’s hot outside. You can pick up reusable 5 gallon jugs at your local Army Navy store or on Amazon. Everyone should also carry a day pack with a 3L water reservoir for easy access to drinking water throughout the day.
We also brought along a few comfort items that provided their worth in camp entertainment.
- Portable gas fire pit: You can’t have a wood fire on the White Rim Trail, so a portable gas fire pit with a bit of extra propane was a great substitute. It gave off plenty of heat, and without it we probably would’ve been in bed by 8 o’clock.
- Glow in the dark bocce ball set: I swear, glow in the dark bocce is the best camp game ever. Especially in the desert when it’s pitch black and there are all kinds of rock obstacles. Just watch out for cacti if you are roaming around at night.
- Camp chair: You are going to want something to rest that tush in at the end of the day. I’m obsessed with my Helinox Swivel Chair and thought it was perfect for this trip. When folded away, it’s super compact…plus it swivels and you can’t beat that.
Have you done or been eyeing a mountain bike trip along the White Rim Trail? What questions do you have? What was your experience like? Leave us a comment below!