22 Cold Weather Camping Tips for Staying Warm

Intrigued about cold-weather camping, but not sure you’re up for it? Read our best tips for staying warm and cozy this winter.

Four people sitting side-by-side bundled up in warm gear and sleeping bags on a cold weather camping trip

Here at Bearfoot Theory, we do our best to not be fair-weather adventurers, but lovers of the outdoors in all seasons and conditions.

Cold weather camping is a great way to get out and enjoy cool, crisp fall temps, early spring blooms, and even winter wonderland landscapes. It’s also a great time of year to enjoy some solitude outdoors since crowds tend to be much smaller.

To successfully stay outside and have fun camping in the fall, spring, or winter, all you need is a good attitude and a few good tips for staying cozy and warm.

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    1. Layer up

    To stay warm, it’s important to wear the right layers that are suitable for cold weather like quick-drying and temperature-regulating base layers followed by insulated mid and outer layers.

    Not sure how to layer properly? Check out our post on cold-weather layering basics for details and suggestions on what to wear when hiking and camping in the winter.

    Tip: Opt for outer layers that have strategically placed ventilation like pit zips so you don’t get damp and sweaty.

    Woman sitting on ground at backcountry campsite with rock fire ring and surrounding forest
    Stay warm by wearing a variety of layers from baselayers to synthetic or down jackets

    2. Keep your feet and core warm

    It’s important to keep your feet and core as warm and toasty as possible since these areas regulate your temperature the most.

    Warm wool socks and a quality base layer like the Icebreaker 200 Oasis are essential.

    If your feet and hands tend to freeze up, invest in heated socks and heated gloves.

    The right materials should wick moisture and dry quickly, but if you return to camp sweaty from a hike and your base layers are still damp, be sure to change into something dry.

    3. Keep your head covered

    We tend to lose most of our heat through our heads. Wearing a beanie and/or a hood during the day is a great way to stay warm.

    At night, use your sleeping bag to cover your head so that it’s not exposed to the cold. I also like to wear a hat to bed.

    A Polar Buff is also handy for keeping your face warm as you sleep. If it’s cold and windy while you’re hiking, a buff can also protect your face from chafing and windburn, too. 

    Keep your head covered to prevent heat loss

    4. Bring extra clothes to sleep in

    Bring a separate set of clothes to sleep in so that you don’t have to wear the damp clothes you spent the day hiking in.

    Wearing dry clothes at night not only helps you stay warm when temps drop, but they can also help you get a good night’s sleep.

    A warm pair of long johns, a cozy long-sleeve top, and a pair of warm wool socks should do the trick. Have extra layers handy to put on when you emerge from your tent in the morning.

    5. Pack waterproof outer layers

    Pack waterproof clothing like gaiters, ponchos, boots, and rain jackets to ward off hypothermia. Even if there isn’t any snow or precipitation in the forecast be prepared and bring quick-drying rain gear just in case.

    If it looks like the weather will be wet, check out our tips for hiking in the rain.

    Hiker wearing rain coat on trail surrounded by trees and vegetation with cloudy skies overhead and snow-dusted mountain in background
    Be prepared with rain gear to help keep you dry and warm

    6. Keep clothes inside your sleeping bag

    Put your clothes for the next day in your sleeping bag with you to keep them warm before you put them on in the morning. This way you don’t have to start your day by pulling on freezing cold layers!

    7. Try a sleeping bag liner

    A sleeping bag liner extends the life of your sleeping bag by protecting it from wear and tear. Liners also help to keep you warm on extra chilly nights.

    Sleeping bag liners are great to have for any camping or backpacking trip but they’re especially handy when camping in winter.

    Look for a liner that is lightweight and packable with an added warmth of 10-15 degrees F.

    Kristen taking selfing inside tent with cold weather camping gear
    Sleeping bag liners can increase the temperature rating of your sleeping bag

    8. Pack a pair of socks just for sleeping in

    Leave an extra pair of warm, wool socks in your tent. Never take them out and only put them on just as you are going to sleep.

    To keep your feet uber warm in extreme cold try a pair of down booties, like our favorites from Enlightened Equipment.

    9. Check your sleeping bag size

    Make sure that your sleeping bag is the right size. If it’s too big, it won’t trap your body heat well.

    If you aren’t able to swap out your sleeping bag, try to stuff any extra clothing or other items that can help insulate the foot box to keep heat from escaping.

    Another option is to try out a double sleeping bag. Sharing a sleeping bag with a partner doubles the body heat and can keep you much warmer than a single bag can.

    Two people in tent lying on top of double sleeping bag
    Double sleeping bags can be a lot warmer for cold temps than single sleeping bags

    10. Check your sleeping bag temperature rating

    Always make sure that the temperature rating of your sleeping bag is lower than the actual air temperature.

    Think of it this way: a 20-degree sleeping bag won’t keep you as warm as you would like it to when it’s actually 20 degrees outside.

    So, a good rule of thumb for cold-weather camping is to prepare for even chillier temperatures when it comes to your gear ratings.

    11. Stake a tarp above your tent

    Hanging a tarp over your tent will trap additional heat and keep you protected from the elements. This extra layer will catch snow and ice as it falls and can protect your rain fly from condensation that can freeze overnight.

    You should also always use a footprint underneath your tent, which will help insulate your tent from the cold ground.

    12. Opt for an insulated sleeping pad

    Get a sleeping pad with added insulation. Some sleeping pads contain down inside the material and others have a synthetic layer to stay warm.

    Another option is to look for a sleeping pad with an R-value of at least 4, which signifies that it is appropriate for cold-weather camping.

    You can’t go wrong with the Therm-a-Rest Trail Pro Sleeping Pad. It has an R-value of 4.4 and provides a good amount of insulation from the cold ground.

    If you’re a cold sleeper and want something even warmer, try the NEMO Roamer Sleeping Pad. It’s super warm and luxurious with a very high R-value of 6. This is what I use on my car camping trips, although I haven’t gotten the chance to test it in winter yet.

    13. Choose calorie-dense foods

    Eat snacks throughout the day that are high in fat and protein to keep your internal body temperature higher. Calorie-dense foods take longer to digest and create more heat.

    For larger meals, it’s nice to plan hot, rich options like pasta, stews, and curries.

    Hot pasta dinner in a camping mug
    A hot, filling meal will warm your belly

    14. Sleep with a hot water bottle

    If possible, fill a water bottle like a Nalgene with hot water and wrap it up in a shirt to put it in your sleeping bag at night. This will give off heat & provide warmth against your body.

    Hand warmers are also a great addition if you prefer not to use water.

    15. Drink hot liquids & stay hydrated

    Drink plenty of hot liquids like coffee and tea in the morning to warm you up. I also like to drink tea throughout the day to keep warm.

    It’s easy to assume that you don’t need as much water when camping in the winter since you aren’t sweating as much in colder temps, but the opposite is true. It’s easy to get dehydrated, which can interfere with your body’s ability to regulate temperature.

    You can use NUUN Sport Hydration Tablets to make sure you’re getting all the electrolytes you need.

    Kristen looking away from camera and holding Yeti insulated thermos and wearing insulated jacket
    Drink hot liquids to stay warm during cold weather camping trips

    16. Don’t try to hold it

    Going to the bathroom in the cold can be a pain, but if you gotta go, just go! It’s not fun getting out of your warm cozy tent to brave the cold in the middle of the night. But resisting the urge takes energy to hold it in and will prevent you from sleeping soundly, so it’s best just to get it over with. It’ll feel so good when you get back to your cozy bed and can sleep the rest of the night in comfort.

    Alternatively, pack a pee bottle (a Nalgene works well) so you can pee in your tent. Just be sure to label it and only use it for urine!

    Important: Make sure to pack out your toilet paper or even better, bring a Kula Cloth to wipe with.

    17. Get moving

    Get warm the old-fashioned way by doing jumping jacks before you hop in your tent or do some crunches to help you warm up once you are inside.

    In the morning, give yourself a few minutes to wiggle around and stretch inside your sleeping bag and tent before going outside.

    During the day, get warm by going for a hike (get our tips for winter hiking here) or head out for a snowshoe.

    It’s also a good idea to use an insulated drinking hose for your hydration pack so it doesn’t freeze.

    Kristen taking a selfie on hiking trail with two other hikers in back and snowy mountain in background

    18. Keep your phone and electronics warm

    Your batteries will drain faster in colder environments. Store your cell phone and other electronics inside your sleeping bag or wrap them in an insulated synthetic or down jacket to save battery.

    Keep your phone in airplane mode when not needed and turn it off at night to conserve power as well.

    19. Bring the right camp stove

    Not all camp stoves are created equal when it comes to performing in cold weather. Canister stoves (ex. Jet Boil) rely on pressurized fuel canisters to generate heat and don’t work well in colder temperatures. 

    In temperatures 20F and lower, the pressure inside the canister decreases, making it harder for the fuel to properly flow. This results in less heat or even failing to work at all.

    If you’ll be camping in cold weather, you have a few options for camp stoves:

    • Heat up the fuel canister before cooking by placing it in your sleeping bag or sticking it in your jacket ahead of time
    • Buy a canister stove that has wind-blocking protection, like the MSR WindBurner
    • Bring a stove that uses different fuels, such as liquid fuel or a compact wood-burning stove. I have the MSR Whisper Lite Universal Backpacking Stove which can be used with both canisters and liquid fuel, making it versatile no matter what kind of adventure I’m on.

    Note: It is extremely dangerous to cook inside of your tent due to the flammable material and carbon monoxide risk. Always cook outside of your tent in a well-ventilated area.

    20. Make a fire

    When you’re camping in cold weather, fires aren’t just for evenings, they’re nice to have in the mornings too.

    Keep a fire going when you’re hanging out at camp to help you stay warm. Just be sure to follow our tips for having a safe campfire.

    Campground fire in stone fire ring with two dogs and river in background

    21. Pack a mylar blanket ‘just in case’

    If you’re heading somewhere really cold, it’s a good idea to bring an emergency kit with a mylar emergency blanket just in case. That way you have it as a last resort option if you can’t get warm in your sleeping bag. You can pack it in your first aid kit.

    You can also use the mylar blanket underneath your tent for added insulation.

    22. Invest in a 4-season tent

    Most tents, especially lightweight backpacking tents, are only meant to be used during the spring, summer, and fall seasons. Temperatures and conditions during these months are typically good, aside from an occasional rainstorm.

    Four-season tents, on the other hand, are designed for colder temperatures and wintery conditions like wind, rain, and snow.

    If you’re only going to be winter camping once or twice, you can probably make do with your regular camping tent, as long as you take extra precautions for warmth like using a tarp overhead and a ground tarp.

    Four-season tents are typically more expensive and heavier. However, if you plan on doing a lot of winter camping, investing in one can greatly improve your winter-season adventures.

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    READ NEXT

    Love getting outside in the winter and shoulder seasons? Check out these blog posts to help you plan and prepare for your next adventure:

    Have you ever been camping in the winter? Where is your favorite place to go cold weather camping? Leave a comment below.

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    3 Comments

    1. I go to Pismo, I know it’s not North Dakota winter camping but it does get cold, my reason other than I love it is no one is there, you can sleep “on the beach” for like $10 bucks, tent sites are like $34, there are hot showers, clean bathrooms, amazing park rangers that if there are any riff-raff, they will respond in numbers and remove the problem – my tip would be to use the mylar safety blanket under your sleeping device, be it a blowup bed, pad or sleeping bag, it is a huge heat/cold reflector, you won’t believe the difference. and also, if you go check North Beach spots but I don’t hate either oh and lastly, they are state run so during this covid 99 nonsense, even though camping is by definition “social distancing” you’ll probably have to wait

    2. I started delivering Syracuse NY morning news papers on foot/bike back in 1958, and continued for almost 4 years. Winter boots back then were always rubberized outside and breathed about as much as a dead… whatever. I learned in scouting to put my feet into plastic bags first and THEN pull on wool sock. I never got cold feet except when I was late getting up and forgot the bags.
      I still do it. Ask your readers to try it.