Beginner Kayaking Tips for First-Time Paddlers

Build confidence with these beginner kayaking tips. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, tips for paddling & more.
Build confidence with these beginner kayaking tips. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.

Interested in kayaking but don’t have a lot of experience? Kayaking can be a great way to get out on the water, either for a leisurely morning paddle or a more rigorous overnight adventure. I’ve done a number of fun overnight kayaking trips and in this post, we share some basic beginner kayaking tips so you can get out there, give it a try and have fun as well!

From kayaking gear to your technique to common questions about what to wear or where to go, these beginner kayaking tips for first-time paddlers will have you out on the water with confidence in no time.

Go paddling for the first time with these beginner kayaking tips – including info on kayaking gear, techniques, and more.

Important Reminder: As outdoor recreationists, it’s our responsibility to know how to recreate responsibly on the water whether we’re kayaking, paddleboarding, canoeing, rafting, or boating. Learn how to prevent the spread of aquatic invasive species with 3 easy steps that have a huge impact on our ecosystems.

Types of Kayaks

Sit-On-Top vs Sit Inside Kayaks

There are two main types of kayaks – sit-on-top and sit-in kayaks.

Sit-on-top kayaks tend to be the easiest for beginners. They are very stable and easy to get in and out of, and for those of you who might feel nervous, a sit-on-top kayak won’t leave you feeling trapped. Sit-on-top kayaks are great for warm water, especially if you think you might want to swim from your kayak. On the other hand, if it’s cold, you will get wet on a sit-on-top kayak, which is something to keep in mind.

Sit-on top vs Sit-in Kayaks // Build confidence with these beginner kayaking tips. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.

Sit-inside kayaks have a “cockpit” where your legs go inside the hull of the kayak. For beginners, a sit-inside kayak may feel a little more confining until you get the hang of it. However, sit-inside kayaks are a lot more efficient and if you are paddling a long distance, sit-inside kayaks will be more comfortable for the long-haul.

They aren’t as easy to get in and out of, but if you are kayaking in colder water and want to stay dry, sit-in kayaks can be adapted with a “spray-skirt” to prevent water from getting inside the hull.

Sit-on top vs Sit-in Kayaks // Build confidence with these kayaking tips for beginners. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.

Single Kayaks vs Double Kayaks

If you don’t have a partner, then a single kayak it is. Single kayaks are lighter and quicker on the water.

Double kayaks, also known as tandem kayaks, have two seats. Double kayaks are heavier than single kayaks and take a bit of synchronization between the two paddlers to maneuver. Once you get into your groove, however, a double kayak can be very efficient.

Double kayaks are a great choice for pairs where one person might not have the strength to power a kayak on their own. If you are on an overnight kayaking trip, double kayaks often have bigger hulls for storage too.

Single vs double kayaks // Build confidence with these kayaking tips for beginners. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.
A couple years back I took my parents and my Dutch relatives on their first kayaking trip. They opted for double kayaks since it gives you twice the manpower.

How to Transport a Kayak

This is likely one of the trickiest things for first-time kayakers. How the hell do you get the boat from the shop to the water? For your first time, we recommend renting a kayak from somewhere on the water so you can bypass this step, but if you do need to load a kayak on the top of your vehicle, this video gives you step-by-step instructions. This is a budget-friendly solution for securing the kayak to your roof without a fancy rack setup.

If securing a kayak to your roof seems like too much work, there are more portable kayak options to consider that are good for flatwater paddling.

How to Sit in a Kayak

Body Posture

When you sit in a kayak, you want to be sitting with a straight back and your legs out in front of you, but you don’t want to be tense or uncomfortable. Slightly bend your knees and place them against the side of the kayak. This contact gives you more stability and power in your strokes.

Most kayaks have a backrest that you can pull tighter or make looser to help you sit up more straight and relieve lower back strain. Make sure to adjust your backrest to your personal comfort.

Foot Position in a Kayak

If you’re in a sit-in kayak, there will be a pair of footpegs at the front of your kayak near your feet. When you place your feet on the footpegs and slightly bend your legs, your knees should move outward and touch the side of the kayak comfortably. If your legs are fully extended or bent too close to your body, adjust the footpegs as needed.

How to sit in a kayak // Build confidence with these beginner kayaking tips. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.
You can see how my knees are slightly bent in my kayak and pushed up against the sides

How to Paddle a Kayak

How to Hold a Kayak Paddle

You’ll want to hold the paddle similar to how you hold the handlebars on a bicycle with your hands gripping down on the paddle. If you rest the paddle on top of your head, your elbows should make a 90-degree angle. This is called a paddler’s box and tells you how far apart your hands should be spaced.

You’re going to want to also make sure the scooped sides of your paddle blades are facing you. Remember you don’t need to have a death grip on your paddle, most paddles float if you drop it. You want to have a relaxed grip that is in the shape of an “o”. For more information on how to hold your kayak paddle, check out this helpful post on the REI Blog.

How to Paddle Forward

Engage your core & twist your torso to lean forward and put the paddle blade fully into the water near your feet. Then pull back to your seat with the blade and remove it from the water. Just remember, long strokes from your feet to your seat is the way to go. Don’t forget to paddle on both sides or you’ll just paddle yourself in a circle!

How to Paddle Backwards

You’ll just do the forward stroke in reverse. Put the paddle in the water at your seat and push it towards your feet then remove the paddle from the water and switch sides doing the same motion.

How to paddle a kayak // Sit-on top vs Sit-in Kayaks // Build confidence with these kayaking tips for beginners. Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.

How to Stop a Kayak

Put your paddle in the water like you are doing a backstroke and hold it there, dragging it against the water. This will slow and then halt any movement your kayaking is making in the water.

How to Turn a Kayak

If you want to turn LEFT, then paddle only on your right. If you want to turn RIGHT, then paddle only on your left.

What to Wear & Bring Kayaking

Since you’ll likely be getting wet, you want to stay away from anything cotton which will leave you dripping and soggy all day. Assuming it’s warm and you don’t need a wet or drysuit of any kind, you’ll want lightweight, quick-drying layers – like a rash guard and boardshorts – which also provide sun protection.

Kayak Paddle

As a beginner kayaker, you don’t need to go out and throw down a ton of money on a lightweight carbon fiber paddle. Instead, look for a paddle that is durable and budget-friendly. You might also want a paddle that breaks down into pieces if you want something more compact that you can easily travel with.

Life Vest

Always have a life vest, known as a PFD (personal floatation device) with you. In some cases, it’s the law. I recommend always wearing your PFD when you launch, and always have it within an arms reach so you can quickly put it on.

If you decide to pull over and beach your kayaks for a bit, make sure to secure your PFD to your boat so the wind doesn’t blow it away. The NRS Ninja PDF is unisex, lightweight, comfortable, and doesn’t get in the way of your paddle stroke.

Clothing for Kayaking on Warm Days

When kayaking, it’s good to having clothing that you can easily move around in, dries quickly, and will help protect you from the sun. If you’re just getting started with kayaking don’t feel like you have to run out & buy new clothing. You most likely have clothes at home that you can use for kayaking, and then you can choose to invest in specialized gear later on. Below are a few of my favorite pieces of clothing and accessories for kayaking.

Other Kayaking Essentials

Here are a few other kayaking essentials that I like to bring with me when I paddle

  • Sunscreen
  • Lip Balm with SPF
  • A reusable water bottle
  • Paddling gloves – If you’re paddling for a long distance, a pair of paddling gloves can help prevent blisters
  • Snacks
  • Camera – A GoPro is an awesome choice for kayaking because it’s waterproof, great for POV shots, and can easily mount to different spots on your kayak.
  • Durable Dry Bag – 10 liters is good for a day trip and is necessary for keeping your stuff, like your phone, dry
  • Carabiner – you can use this to clip your dry bag or water bottle to your kayak.
  • Garmin Mini – if you are out of cell reach, I always advocate for bringing this emergency communication device.
What to wear kayaking // Learn about different types of kayaks, what to wear, how to paddle & trip planning considerations.

Considerations for your First Kayaking Excursion

When you are planning your first kayaking trip, there are a few considerations you’ll want to make:

  • Trip Length: For your first-time kayaking, plan a trip that is less than three hours. You don’t want to exhaust yourself or bite off more than you’re ready for. Three hours gives you enough to get a feel for kayaking and decide if you like it.
  • Wind/Water Conditions: If it’s really windy, you might opt for another day. Wind poses an additional challenge that sometimes is unavoidable, but we recommend trying kayaking for the first time when it’s calm out. Also, lake, calm river, or bay conditions tend to be easier than the ocean for new paddlers.
  • Take a class or go on a guided tour: If you’re nervous, consider taking a class or joining a guided tour for your first trip. Use REI’s Class Finder to see if there is one near you. You’ll build a foundation, familiarity with the gear, and the confidence to go on your own next time. Or who knows? Maybe you’ll meet a new paddling partner in the class.

Once you are comfortable and ready to advance to the next level, check out my all-time favorite kayaking trips for inspiration:

San Juan Islands Kayaking // Learn what to bring kayaking in this blog post

Managing Common Kayaking Fears

As an ocean kayaking guide for the Channel Islands, BFT community member, Kim, has heard it all. What if I fall? Or get swept out to sea? If this sounds like you, here are Kim’s tips for addressing those fears.

What if I fall in?

First, know that it takes a lot to flip a kayak over and tandem kayaks are even harder to flip. With that said, it’s important that you know how to get yourself back in the boat in that unlikely event.

Kim actually recommends that you practice falling in so that you have experience re-entering a kayak from the water. She also says, always wear your PFD. If you’re going with an outfitter or rental company, listen to their safety talk and ask any questions you have prior to heading out.

I’m afraid I’m not fit enough

Kayaking in the morning is usually better than in the afternoon as winds can pick up in the afternoon making kayaking more difficult. For the first half of your trip, head into the wind, if possible. That way when you’re tired later on, you can then kayak downwind and get a little boost.

Should I worry about sharks if kayaking in the ocean?

Kim gets this question because she guides in the Channel Islands. Know that seeing sharks is rare, but it’s something many people are afraid of. If you’re with a tour operator or renting from a business, it’s okay to ask them if they have frequent experience with sharks or if this is something you should be aware of.

We hope these beginner kayaking tips inspire you to try paddling for this first-time this summer. What questions or tips do you have? Leave them in the comments below!

Written by Kristen Bor

Hey there! My name is Kristen, and this is my outdoor blog. I discovered the power of the outdoors in my 20s, at the time I needed it most. Now 15 years later, prioritizing that critical connection with nature continues to improve my life. My goal at Bearfoot Theory is to empower you with the tools and advice you need to responsibly get outside.

13 comments on “Beginner Kayaking Tips for First-Time Paddlers

  1. I have found your article very informative and interesting. I appreciate your points of view and I agree with so many. You’ve done a great job with making this clear enough for anyone to understand.

  2. I like the tip about practicing to fall in the water so you can know how to get back in if you do. My sister loves kayaks, and she also wants to go on a camping trip soon. I wonder if she could rent some kayaks so we can play in the lake near the campsite.

  3. It’s interesting to know that ti-on top kayaks will be the best choice for beginners. My husband and his friends want to go kayaking next month, and we are looking for advice. I will make sure to follow your tips to make my first experience with kayaking a good one.

  4. My first time ever was in Morro Bay. It was awesome and I was immediately hooked. I have since kayaked 3 week+ salt water tours and of course countless days and overnighters.

    It’s not hard and if you have a guide you’ll find it’s a breeze. Only a couple of things that’s a bit of a pain is getting used to the feel of your kayak. Depending on the model some are a little wobbly until you get dialed in. The trade of is they tend to be a little faster and they also may have better handling in rougher water than a more flat bottom boat which are more stable. Either way, you’ll be dialed in within 15 minutes. However I did see a guy roll out of a boat once when he got in it. He had never been in a kayak before and got in an 18 foot slender touring boat. Was pretty funy. he was totally fine but lost his glasses.

    The other thin is just getting in and out of the boat can be a pain sometime depending on where you’re landing. If your beach landing expect to get wet feet.

    You’re going to have the time of your life in a Norwegian fjord. So jealous!

    I’ve got a 10 day section cruise coming up in the inside Passage of BC that I’m prepping for and am almost out of my mind with excitement over.

    Have a great time!

    1. Hi Veronica – we give some tips on what to wear for kayaking in the post above. If you’re just starting out, it’s best to learn during the warm summer months, but kayaking can be a year-round sport if you have the right gear!

  5. Every single point is included in which is very necessary for beginners. I am very pleased to have this to read. You are just an awesome and a good teacher too.

  6. Every single point is included in which is very necessary for beginners. I am very pleased to have this to read. You are just an awesome and a good teacher too.

  7. Usually, I never comment on blogs, but your article is so convincing that I never stop myself from saying something about it. You’re doing a great job Man, Keep it up.

  8. I really love the content you posted, it is always super helpful and informative. Keep posting such an amazing article, I love reading all your blogs.

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